lamb kofta curry

Known as kari kola urundai kuzhambu, this recipe for kofta curry is a Chettinad specialty.

There is something about meatballs that only meat-eaters can understand. Done as this recipe suggests, you have some moderately spiced meatballs in a spicy gravy.

You need to make the right-sized koftas. Golf-ball sized koftas are too small, and cricket balls are too big. As described in the recipe you have 12 koftas, about the size of billiard balls. Just right for four people.

Having said that, you could make cocktail sized koftas. Make them at golf ball size, and reduce the cooking time appropriately. You might not bother making the gravy, and just serve them straight from the oven. You could also prepare the gravy and use it as a dipping sauce.

This recipe for the koftas is very like recipes from the Mediterranean and the Arab world. Minced lamb, mint and spices is a common preparation that exists from Spain through Greece and across to the Northern African countries. This may well be the influence of Alexander the Great.

I am amazed at how rarely I see this dish in Indian restaurants. It does lend itself to preparing in advance, and the sauce could well be made in curry house style. As presented here it is a family recipe and is well suited to a special dinner.

So you are a vegetarian, and have read this far? Well, as it happens there is a vegetarian version in this book, called malai subzi kofta that just may suit your needs.

You will need to start this recipe at least the day before to marinate the lamb.

This recipe is best suited to serving with plain rice or chapatis and a kachumber to cut through the creaminess of the gravy.

the recipe

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  • wide pan with lid


  • 800 g lamb leg - minced

for the marinade

for the koftas

for the gravy

to serve



  • Heat a small pan over medium heat. Once hot, put the coriander and cumin seeds into the heated pan. Toast the spices until they become aromatic. This will only take a few minutes. Remove from heat and allow to cool before transferring to a spice grinder. Grind spices to a fine powder.
  • Put the lamb mince in a large bowl. Add the ground coriander and cumin seeds, onion, ginger, garam masala, chilli powder, salt, coriander stalks, mint and yoghurt. Mix well. Cover and refrigerate at least overnight.

for the koftas

  • Pre-heat oven to 175C.
  • Take the mixture and divide it into 12 portions of around 100g each. Wet your hand and form each into a ball. Now, with dry hands, dust with chickpea flour, and gently shape again.
  • Place the koftas on an oven tray in a single layer and bake for 30 minutes, turning every 10 minutes, making sure that the koftas retain their ball shape.

for the gravy

  • Heat a small pan over medium heat. Once hot, put the coriander seeds into the heated pan. Toast them until they become aromatic. This will only take a few minutes. Remove from heat and allow to cool before transferring to a spice grinder. Grind them to a fine powder and set aside
  • Heat the mustard oil in a pan big enough to just take the cooked koftas in a single layer. A 24cm pan should suffice.
  • When the mustard oil stops smoking and appears translucent, allow it to cool a little, then add mustard seeds, fennel seeds, curry leaves and dried chillies. Return to heat, and cook until mustard seeds begin to splutter.
  • Add the onions, sprinkle with the salt and cook for ten minutes, stirring frequently until the onions start to brown at the edges.
  • Add the turmeric, tomatoes, garlic and 250ml of water, then simmer until the tomatoes soften.
  • Add the Kashmiri chilli powder and ground coriander seeds. Stir well and cook for another two minutes.
  • Add the tamarind water and cook for a further two minutes.
  • Using a vegetable masher or a stick blender, puree the gravy, getting as many large pieces of tomato reduced. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat to a very low simmer.
  • Add the juices from the cooked koftas to the mixture, then mix well. Gently add the koftas in a single layer, ensuring they are coated with the sauce.
  • Cover the pan and poach the koftas in the gravy for 20 minutes, gently turning them every five minutes.

to serve

  • Remove the koftas from the gravy, and place them into a warm serving dish.
  • Stir the gravy, and slowly add the coconut milk. Season with salt, to taste, bring to a simmer then pour the gravy over the koftas. Sprinkle with coriander and serve.


  • Use the leanest minced lamb you can obtain.
  • Be careful with the size of the koftas. Golf-ball sized koftas are too small, cricket balls are too big. You should have 12 koftas, each about billiard ball size.

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Serving: 250 g | Calories: 507 kcal | Carbohydrates: 36 g | Protein: 34 g | Fat: 26 g | Saturated Fat: 12 g | Cholesterol: 82 mg | Sodium: 1007 mg | Potassium: 1162 mg | Fiber: 7 g | Sugar: 15 g | Vitamin A: 2290 IU | Vitamin C: 89.9 mg | Calcium: 152 mg | Iron: 7.8 mg

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